COMPITITIVE EXAM INDIAN HISTORY : MAGADHA EMPIRE


MAGADHA EMPIRE

PERIOD

6th Century 4th Century BC.

EXTENT

Magadha embraced the former districts of Patna, Gaya & parts of Shahabad,  and grew to be the leading state of the time.

HARYANKA DYNASTY

Originally founded in 566 BCby the grand
father Bimbisara but actual foundation by Bimbisara.

BIMBISARA (544 BC-492 BC)

1. Contemporary of Buddha
2.He conquered Anga (E Bihar) to gain control over trade route with the southem States.
3.His capital was Raigir (Girivraja). He strengthened his position by matrimonial Arabian alliance with the ruling familiesof Kosala, Vaishali, and Madra (3 wives).
4.His capital was surrounded by 5 hills, the openings in which were closed by stone walls on all sides. This made Rajgir impregnable.

AJATSHATRU (492 BC-460 BC)

1.Son of Bimbisara, killed his father & seized the throne.
2.Annexed Vaishali and Kosala (annexed Vaishali with the help of a war engine, which was used to throw stones like catapults. Also possessed a chariot to which a mace was attached, thus facilitating mass killings), Kosala wasruled by Prasenajit at that time.
3.Buddha died during his reign; amanged the first Buddhist Council.

UDAYIN (460-444 BC)

He founded the new capital at Pataliputra, situated at the confluence of the Ganga & Son.

SHISHUNAGA DYNASTY

1.Founded by a minister was succeeded by Kalasoka (ll Buddhist council. Dymasty lasted for two generations only.

2.Greatest achievement was the destruction of power of Avanti.

NANDA DYNASTY

1. It is considered first of the non-Kshatriya dynasties.
2.Founder was Mahapadma Nanda. He added Kalinga to his empire. He claimed to be the ekarat, the sole sovereign who destroyed all the other ruling princes.
3.Alexander attacked India in their reign. Dhana Nanda was there at that time.
4. Nandas were fabulously rich & enormously powerful. Maintained 200,000 infantry,60,000 cavalry & 6,000 war elephants This is supposed to have checked Alexander's army from advancing towards Magadha.

CAUSES OF MAGADHA'S SUCCESS

1.  Enjoyed advantageous geographical position, ie near richest iron deposits (thus effective weapons)
2. The 2 capitals of Magadha,Rajgir and Patliputra, were situated at very strategic points.
3.Fertile soil of the lower Ganga regions.
4.First used elephants in wars

Note

Archaeologically, 6th century BC marks the beginning of NBPW phase Black Polished Ware) which was very glossy, shinning type of pottery. This marked the beginning of Second Urbanization in India.
COMPITITIVE EXAM INDIAN HISTORY : MAGADHA EMPIRE COMPITITIVE EXAM INDIAN HISTORY : MAGADHA EMPIRE Reviewed by SWADESH KUMAR GAYEN on August 22, 2017 Rating: 5

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